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PAST TENSE

The past tense is a grammatical tense whose principal function is to place an action or situation in past time.

 

  1. Past simple
  2. Past continuous
  3. Irregular verbs

 

1. PAST SIMPLE

 

Use past simple when you talk about an action that started in the past and ended in the past.

 

regular verb + "ed" or "d"

work -> worked 

live -> lived

 

- past simple negative:

 

subject + didn't + verb

 

didn't feel well yesterday.

didn't like the film.

Mary didn't meet Jack at the party.

They didn't buy a new car.

 

- past simple questions:

 

did + subject + verb

 

Did he come last night?

Did you play football?

Who did you see?

What kind of pie did you eat?

 

 

2. PAST CONTINUOUS

 

Use past continuous when you want to stress that the action in the past lasted longer than a moment.

 

was/were + verb + ing

 

was thinking about you.

We were standing at the bus stop when he saw us.

 

- past continuous negative: 

 

subject + wasn't/weren't + verb + ing

 

He wasn't listning me.

We weren't waiting.

She wasn't going to the party.

They weren't eating dinner.

- past continuous questions:

 

was/were + subject + verb + ing

 

Were you having fun?

Was she watching TV?

Were you cooking dinner at 5 yesterday evening?

What were you doing when I arrived?

 

  

3. IRREGULAR VERBS

 

Irregular verbs do not take -ed, but change their form in past simple: 

  

infinitive past simple past participle
be was/were been
buy bought bought
can could been able
come came come
do did done
drink drank drunk
eat ate eaten
go went gone
have had had
make made made
say said said
speak spoke spoken
tell told told
think thought thought
write write written

 

 

REMEMBER 

 

am + is -> WAS

are -> WERE

do -> DID