1. Using gerund
When a verb ends in -ing it may be a gerund or present participle. It is important to know that they are nor the same.
Negatives are formed by putting NOT before the -ing form
WHEN DO WE USE GERUND
1. AS THE SUBJECT OF THE SENTENCE
Shopping is very exciting.
Laughing is good for you.
Exercising is a great hobby.
Drinking water is very important.
Not having a car made him loose his job.
2. AFTER PREPOSITIONS (the gerund must be use when a verb comes after a preposition)
I am interested in skating.
I look forward to seeing you soon.
My sister is good at cooking.
He is fond of traveling to the city.
I am afraid of flying over the ocean.
Are you tired of studying?
3. AS SUBJECT COMPLEMENTS
His favourite thing to do is playing tennis.
I love eating ice-cream.
My kids enjoy watching TV.
I don't mind working long hours.
4. IN COMPOUND NOUNS
- a swimming pool
- a driving lesson
- a bird watching
5. AFTER SOME VERBS
- CAN'T HELP
- CAN'T STAND
- IT'S NO GOOD
- after the adjective WORTH
I can't help falling in love with her.
I can't stand listening to this kind.
It's no good trying to escape.
It might be worth talking to her over the phone.
Gerund can also be used in a short prohibition signs: