i-Studovna

GERUND

 

1. Using gerund

 

When a verb ends in -ing it may be a gerund or present participle. It is important to know that they are nor the same.

 

Negatives are formed by putting NOT before the -ing form

 

WHEN DO WE USE GERUND

 

1. AS THE SUBJECT OF THE SENTENCE

 

Shopping is very exciting.

Laughing is good for you.

Exercising is a great hobby.

Drinking water is very important.

Not having a car made him loose his job.

 

  

2. AFTER PREPOSITIONS (the gerund must be use when a verb comes after a preposition)

 

I am interested in skating.

I look forward to seeing you soon.

My sister is good at cooking.

He is fond of traveling to the city.

I am afraid of flying over the ocean.

Are you tired of studying?

 

   

3. AS SUBJECT COMPLEMENTS

 

His favourite thing to do is playing tennis.

I love eating ice-cream.

My kids enjoy watching TV.

I don't mind working long hours.

  

  

4. IN COMPOUND NOUNS

- a swimming pool

- a driving lesson

- a bird watching

  

 

5. AFTER SOME VERBS

  

- CAN'T HELP

- CAN'T STAND

- IT'S NO GOOD

- after the adjective WORTH

 

I can't help falling in love with her.

I can't stand listening to this kind.

It's no good trying to escape.

It might be worth talking to her over the phone.

  

  

REMEMBER

 

Gerund can also be used in a short prohibition signs:

 

NO smoking.

NO parking.

NO crossing.

NO littering.