Adjectives describe nouns and pronouns (I, me, you, he, it, each, few, who, everybody, etc.).
They identify or quantify a person, place or thing.
- Position of adjectives
- Use of Adjectives
- Forming adjectives
- Difference between adjective and adverb
Adjectives also help answer questions like:
- What kind?
- Which one?
- How many?
- How much?
1. POSITION OF ADJECTIVES IN A SENTENCE:
a) Adjectives are usually positioned in front of the noun or the pronoun which they modify.
I live in an old house.
The adjective old modifies the noun house.
What kind of house? An old one.
It is the white one.
The adjective white modifies the pronoun one.
Which one is it? The white one.
b) We use adjectives after linking verbs such as be, become, feel, look, seem, smell, sound, etc.
I am tired.
(I -subject, am - linking verb, tired - adjective)
It looks amazing.
(It - subject, looks - linking v., amazing- adjective)
Often we can use two or more adjectives together.
It was cold, wet, windy weather.
The order depends on the function of the adjective:
|function of adjectives||example||sentence|
|quantity or number||none, two, hundred||The first man on the moon.|
|opinion or quality||intelligent, delicious, good||They are honest people.|
|size||small, large, short||It's a very long movie.|
|age||young, teenage, old||My car is very old.|
|shape||round, square, rectangular||It was a square box.|
|colour||white, dark, brunette||She has a blonde hair.|
|nationality or origin||Russian. Asian. Victorian||I prefer German cars.|
|material||wooden, silver, natural||I don't like plastic cups.|
The usual order of adjectives in the sentence:
She arrived in very nice, brown, Italian, leather shoes.
Adjectives can take a modifying word, such as very, extremely, or less before them.
very nice people
extremely bad weather
3. FORMING ADJECTIVES
Many adjectives are participle forms of verbs.
The -ed form describes how someone feels.
I am bored.
The -ing form describes the person of thing that cause the feeling.
He is boring.
4. ADJECTIVE OR ADVERB?
Generally, adjectives are used to describe nouns and adverbs are used with verbs to say how things are done.
|She's a beautiful singer||She sings beautifully|
|He's good worker||He works well|
An adjective does not change.
It doesn't matter if the described noun is male or female, singular or plural, subject or object.
Those houses are beautiful.
We are really happy.